Dr. Char Sample is a Cybersecurity researcher at ICF with decades of experience. Dr. Sample served as the Chief Scientist for the Cybercore division at Idaho National Laboratory, where she launched research initiatives in artificial intelligence and machine learning (AI/ML) and data fidelity for industrial control systems (ICS). Dr. Sample’s current research focuses on deception, and the role of cultural values in cybersecurity events and decision-making. One other area of research that she finds interesting is the relationship between human cognition and machines. Presently Dr. Sample is continuing research on modeling cyber behaviors by culture, data resilience, cyber-physical systems and industrial control systems and trustworthy artificial intelligence (TAI).